Vaginal Cancer

What is vaginal cancer?

Vaginal cancer is becoming more prevalent in the world. But the real cause has not yet been discovered. But some risk factors can be seen that this cancer could be avoided. Vaginal cancer can start in the vagina itself (primary vaginal cancer) or spread into the vagina from another part of the body (secondary vaginal cancer). This cancer begins in the vagina, which is the hollow, tube like- channel between the bottom of the uterus and outside of the body.

What is the risk factor of vaginal cancer?

Risk factor id anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Other than that, the risk factor such as age or race cannot be changed. The risk may be related to are smoking, drinking, or diet. Scientists have found that certain risk factors make women more likely to develop vaginal cancer. But many women with vaginal cancer do not have any apparent risk factor. The risk factor for vaginal cancer includes:

    • Age

Usually the majority women have a vaginal cancer is a women who are 70 years old or older while the percentage for the women who have a cancer is only 15%.

    • Diethylstilbestrol (DES)

DES is a hormonal drug that was given to some women to prevent miscarriage between 1940 and 1971. The women who took the DES (when pregnant with them) is higher possibility to get it rather than the mother who pregnant normal because DES develop clear-cell adenocarcinoma.

    • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

HPV is a group of more than 100 related viruses. Different type of HPV can cause different type of warts in different parts of body. HPV that linked to vagina include HPV 16, HPV 18 and HPV 31. This is the high-risk types of HPV which the infection may produce no visible signs until pre-cancerous changes or cancer develop. HPV can be passed from one person to another during skin to skin contact. Through sex it will spread including vaginal, anal intercourse and even oral sex.

    • Cervical Cancer

The women having a cervical cancer increase a risk of vaginal squamous cell cancer. This is because vaginal and cervical have similar risk factor such as HPV infection and smoking.

    • Smoking

Women that smoke is increase the possibility to get vaginal cancer

    • Alcohol

Drinking alcoholic might affect the risk of vaginal cancer. More cases show that the women with vaginal cancer are alcoholic women.

    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

The women that have HIV  increase the risk of vaginal cancer.


What types of Vaginal Cancer?

Vaginal cancer has four types that are Melanoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, Adenocarcinoma, and Sarcoma.

    • Melanoma

Normally, the people with these types of vaginal cancer will change the color of skin. It is because melanomas are developing from pigment-producing cells. These cancers usually are found on sun-exposed areas of the skin but can form on the vagina or other internal organ. It tends to affect the lower or outer portion of the vagina.

    • Squamous cell carcinoma

Many cases of vaginal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma. These squamous often develop slowly which is some of the pre-cancer cells turn into cancer cell and these process usually take many years.

    • Adenocarcinoma

Adenocarcinoma is the cancer that begins in gland cells. Adenocarcinoma are often develops in women older than 50.

    • Sarcoma

Cancer that begins in the cells of bones, muscles, or connectivity tissue is called Sarcoma. These types of cancer form deep in the wall of the vagina, not on its surface. It tends to occur in women older than 50. But there are several types of vaginal sarcomas such as rhabdomyosarcoma that are often found in children and are rare in adult.

Others information about vaginal cancer can click symptom, cure and treatment.


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